Differentiation means acknowledging that in teaching and learning, “one size does not fit all”. A teacher should take differences into account when planning, teaching and assessing. These differences could include ability, learning style, language, gender, culture and socio-economic level. This booklet is accompanied by a DVD and refers to various sections in Education for all: A guide to building schools as inclusive centres of learning, care and support. It aims to assist teachers in introducing inclusive teaching methods into their classrooms.